An electrical car is an electrified automobile that uses energy that is usually stored in rechargeable batteries. In 2008, a renaissance in electrical vehicles occurred due to concerns about increases in oil and gas prices, advances in batteries and the desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Electric cars run on electricity unlike conventional vehicles that use gas or diesel. Electric cars use electricity from batteries or a fuel cell. Not all electrical cars work the same way. You get Plug-in hybrid vehicles, Battery-electric vehicles and Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, that are all electric cars.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)
The hybrid will draw its power from the electric motor at low speeds. When a driver increases the speed the car needs more power and the hybrid will then switch to its ICE, internal combustion engine. The switch causes the car to change from electric power to gasoline power. The main Fuel source is still gasoline for this vehicle, but the amount of gasoline is less when compared to an ICE vehicle. This is because the electric car stores power in the board batteries that provide power to the electric motor.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
A plug-in hybrid vehicle uses an electric motor to power all aspects of propulsion. The vehicle will use the electric motor until battery levels reach he predetermined battery state of charge (SOC). The vehicle will then enter into a charge sustaining mode. While in charge mode, the main fuel source for the plug-in hybrid vehicle is electricity, the vehicle uses stored energy that is sourced from the electricity grid.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
A battery electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. Instead of internal combustion engines the battery electric vehicle uses electric motors and motor controllers for propulsion. Battery-electric vehicles use electricity as their only fuel therefore it is important to match the battery range to the intended use of the vehicle. The battery electric vehicle is perfect for climate-conscious commuters or multi-car households that take a lot of short distance trips.
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